Venipuncture Procedure

Venipuncture is a method of drawing blood using a needle to pierce the skin and access a vein. The venipuncture procedure is typically performed at hospitals, clinics and physician’s offices to collect blood samples for testing.

In other cases, a slightly different type of venipuncture procedure is conducted to insert an IV into a ill patient’s veins to provide nutrients or medicine for treatment.

Typically, individuals who wish to receive venipuncture training will attend 1-2 years of school to become a Licensed Phlebotomist.

10 Basic Steps – The Venipuncture Process:

  1. Wash your hands thoroughly with anti-bacterial soap and water for several minutes, lathering sufficiently. Use a paper towel to dry your hands, turn off the faucet and open the bathroom door (to prevent contamination).
  2. Immediately slip into a pair of latex gloves.
  3. Extend the patient’s forearm and swab the inner elbow area with alcohol.
  4. Tighten a tourniquet around the patient’s slightly bent arm just above the elbow and ask the patient to make a fist.
  5. Tap the inner elbow to find a blue, raised vein that is easily visible.
  6. Using a cannula, quickly pierce the vein at a 15 to 30 degree angle in the same direction the blood flows toward the heart.
  7. Attach a blood collection tube to the end of the cannula and remove the tourniquet.
  8. Remove the needle from the cannula, placing gauze over the puncture site and applying pressure to stop the bleeding.
  9. Dispose of all hazardous materials in a special receptacle.
  10. Immediately label the tubes with the patient’s first and last name, middle initial, patient ID number, date and time, as well as your initials.

NOTE: This is just a basic overview of reference on how a venipuncture is usually performed and professional training is always required before attempting any blood draw.

While it may sound intimidating to imagine sticking someone else with a needle, venipuncture is actually a relatively easy procedure to perform once you are successfully trained in the procedures.

In order for a student to be eligible to graduate, a number of successful venipunctures must be completed under the correct supervision during training.

By the time you have passed the phlebotomy exam and are eligible for employment, you will already feel like a pro due to real-life classroom training you experience that is part of all phlebotomy certification training programs.

To learn more about locating phlebotomy certification training classes that are available in your area, refer to our online map and select your state.

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